In 2014, the area recorded 16 cases of Lyme disease against 6 in 2013.
tick bite occurred in the territories Vyzhnytsya area (s.Lukavtsi) Hlybotskyi (ss.Valya Kuzmin, Molodiya) Hertsa (s.Kulykivka) Storozhynetsky (s.Myhalche) areas, m. Chernivtsi (District Rocha, Tsetseno, Sadgora) and outside the Chernivtsi region, Khmelnytsky region (Kamenetz-Podolsk), Zhytomyr region (Radomyshlyanskyy district).
During the monitoring of the environment in 2014, the laboratory of especially dangerous infections control " Chernivtsi regional laboratory center Gossanepidsluzhby Ukraine " (study of ticks on boreliyamy infection that cause Lyme disease) studied ticks taken from individuals - 18 with objects and the environment - 631 (positive - 8). Positive results were found in the territories Vyzhnytsya (s.Banyliv, s.Dolishniy Whisper) Kelmenetsky (s.Burdyuh) and Storozhynetsky (Novyi Broskivtsi, s.Davydivka, s.Verhni Petrovka) areas.
For 3 months 2015 - studied ticks taken from people - 2 pcs (negative result).
Infection occurs when ticks bite infected with the microbe. Probability of contracting the bite depends on the percentage of mites that live in the area where the bite occurred infected. Quite high (over 5%), there is the likelihood of contracting the so-called " endemic " areas where many ticks that carry the microbe. Infection is possible and in the cities of these areas. Sometimes mites can get into a home with pets (cats and dogs) and move them in person.
In Chernivtsi region " endemic " territories are considered (officially registered cases of Lyme disease) forest and shrub arrays. At the same time I want to provide a list of enzootic areas in Ixodes tick borreliosis (Lyme disease) identified in the Chernivtsi region for 1989- 2014:
Vyzhnytsya area - s.Lukavtsi
Gertsaevsky region - s.Kulinivka ;
Hlyboka area - s.Korchivtsi, s.Tarashany, s.Molodiya, s.Koroviya, s.Valya Kuzmin, s.Kupka, s.Sucheveny, s.Yordoneshty, s.Karapchiv, s.Kam ' Janko, s.Petrychanka, s.Kupka
Zastavna area - s.Repuzhyntsi, s.Horoshivtsi, p. Kostryzhivka
Kitsman area - m.Kitsman, s.Brusnytsya, s.Striletskyy angle
Novoselytsya area - s.Chornivka, s.Podvirne
Sokyryany area - s.Lomachentsi
Storozhynets area - s.Petrivtsi, s.Lukivtsi, s.Bobivtsi, s.Hlybochok, s.Kam'yana, smt.Krasnoyilsk, s.Davydeny, s.Budenets, s.Komarivtsi, Velyka Kuchuriv, s.Myhalche
Khotyn district - m.Hotyn, s.Hrozyntsi
Chernovtsy - Tsetsyno district, area lobe, the area in vul.Komarova, area on the street. Fastovsky, district by vul.Zastavnyanska, area Sadgora
Lyme disease (borreliosis tick-borne Lyme) - a natural focal, infectious multisystem disease that develops after a tick bite, the infected boreliyamy (Borrelia burgdorferi, B.garinii , B.afzelii). Infection can also occur by ingestion of mite faeces on the skin, followed by rubbing them when combing. Various clinical manifestations of Lyme disease have long been known and described as separate symptoms of unknown etiology, chronic erythema migrans, Erythema Aftsiliusa, clip kiltsevydna erythema, chronic atrophic akrodermit, limfodenoz skin, serous meningitis, radykulonevryt. What is evident that Lyme disease affects the nervous system, heart, skin, joints.
As specific prevention of Lyme disease today is not developed, and there are enzootic area, the most effective way to prevent disease is to prevent tick bites. To do this:
• walks at the places of residence of ticks potential use clothing with long sleeves and pants that dressed in socks;
• Use insect repellent (means for insect repellent), the most effective are products containing 10 to 35% N, N-diethyl-3-metilbenzamid (DEET). At a concentration of 25% provided protection for 5 hours (children can not use the equipment with a concentration above 30%);
• thoroughly inspect all skin for the presence of ticks when returning from a walk;
• if you walk chotyrylapyy friend was, it should examine before the drop in the home;
• take a shower with a washcloth after a walk that will remove the unsung mites.
In identifying the body of the tick, it is best to remove it in the health care setting, as infection can occur due to improper removal even when he inadvertently prychavyty. Probability sick, if carried out on the body of the tick less than 24 hours, minimum.
studied different methods of removing the tick, that sucked, but the most effective and safe is - using tweezers.
With self removal of the tick must adhere to the following requirements: tick before removing the skin should be treated by any antiseptic. You must grab the tick with tweezers (from blunt or rounded edges) as close to the skin and pull it evenly moderate efforts strictly vertically, without applying any vykruchuvalnyh movements. After removing the skin to process antiseptic. It is important to try during the withdrawal did not crush the tick. Perhaps in rucksacks remain small pieces mouthparts of the tick - should not try to use them, they are not dangerous, especially when done processing antiseptic, and come yourself. If no tweezers handy, you can pull the tick with your fingers protected (you can protect the bandage, rubber gloves). Once the tick should wrap bandage, snap as close to the skin and gently pull up perpendicular to the skin. After removing the tick required sure to wash hands with soap and water or antiseptic process.
Even if you successfully removed the tick, it is necessary to observe the bite because the redness, which suggests infection Lyme disease can appear already after 2 weeks. When redness at the site of the bite, as soon as possible to appeal to infectious diseases for early diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease, which can prevent occurrence of serious complications later.
Tomashovska Alexander, head of the department of especially dangerous infections oblSES